Preschool Anxiety Scale (PAS)

The Preschool Anxiety Scale (PAS) is a 28 item scale that is completed by a parent / guardian and which assesses anxiety in children between the ages of 2 ½ and 6 ½ years old. The 28 anxiety items provide an overall measure of anxiety, in addition to scores on five subscales assessing a specific aspect of child anxiety:

  1. Generalised anxiety
  2. Social anxiety
  3. Obsessive compulsive disorder
  4. Physical injury fears
  5. Separation anxiety


Spence, S. H., Rapee, R., McDonald, C., & Ingram, M. (2001). The structure of anxiety symptoms among preschoolers. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 39(11), 1293–1316.


Spence, S. H. (1997). The structure of anxiety symptoms among children: A confirmatory factor analytic study. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 106, 280297. 

Spence, S. H. (1998). A measure of anxiety symptoms among children. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 36, 545566.