Short Health Anxiety Inventory (SHAI)

The Short Health Anxiety Inventory (SHAI) contains 18 items that assess health anxiety independent of physical health status.

Items assess worry about one’s health, awareness of bodily sensations and/or changes, and the feared consequences of having an illness (Salkovskis et al., 2002). It can be used in both healthy individuals and physically ill individuals including those who were temporarily sick or diagnosed with a serious and/or chronic illness.


Salkovskis, P. M., Rimes, K. A., Warwick, H. M. C., & Clark, D. M. (2002). The Health Anxiety Inventory: development and validation of scales for the measurement of health anxiety and hypochondriasis. Psychological Medicine, 32(05), 843-853.


Haig-Ferguson, A., Cooper, K., Cartwright, E., Loades, M. E., & Daniels, J. (2021). Practitioner review: Health anxiety in children and young people in the context of the COVID-19 pandemic. Behavioural and cognitive psychotherapy, 49(2), 129-143.

Hedman, E., Andersson, G., Andersson, E., Ljotsson, B., Rück, C., Asmundson, G. J., & Lindefors, N. (2011). Internet-based cognitive–behavioural therapy for severe health anxiety: randomised controlled trial. The British Journal of Psychiatry, 198(3), 230-236.

Lebel, S., Mutsaers, B., Tomei, C., Leclair, C.S., Jones, G., Petricone-Westwood, D., Rutkowski, N., Ta, V., Trudel, G., Laflamme, S.Z. and Lavigne, A.A. (2020). Health anxiety and illness-related fears across diverse chronic illnesses: A systematic review on conceptualization, measurement, prevalence, course, and correlates. Plos one, 15(7), e0234124.

Olatunji, B. O., Etzel, E. N., Tomarken, A. J., Ciesielski, B. G., & Deacon, B. (2011). The effects of safety behaviors on health anxiety: An experimental investigation. Behaviour research and therapy, 49(11), 719-728.

Taylor, S., Asmundson, G. J., & Hyprochondria. (2004). Treating health anxiety: A cognitive-behavioral approach (Vol. 494, p. 495). New York: Guilford Press.

Williams, M. J., McManus, F., Muse, K., & Williams, J. M. G. (2011). Mindfulness‐based cognitive therapy for severe health anxiety (hypochondriasis): An interpretative phenomenological analysis of patients’ experiences. British Journal of Clinical Psychology, 50(4), 379-397.