Supervisory Styles Inventory (SSI)

The Supervisory Styles Inventory (SSI) is a 25 item scale which measures the interpersonal or relational aspects of supervisors as perceived by supervisees. The SSI is completed by a supervisee to rate their perceptions of their supervisor’s style based on three subscales: Attractive, Interpersonally Sensitive, and Task-Oriented. This scale can be useful to start a discussion around the preferences a supervisee has for their supervision. 


Friedlander, M., & Ward, L. (1984). Development and validation of the Supervisory Styles Inventory. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 31, 541–557.


Bussey, L. E. (2015). The Supervisory Relationship: How Style and Working Alliance Relate to Satisfaction among Cyber and Face-to-Face Supervisees.  PhD thesis, University of Tennessee, 2015. 

Fernando, D. M., & Hulse‐Killacky, D. (2005). The relationship of supervisory styles to satisfaction with supervision and the perceived self‐efficacy of master’s‐level counseling students. Counselor Education and Supervision, 44, 293-304.

Herbert, J. T., & Ward, T. J. (1995). Confirmatory factor analysis of the supervisory style inventory and the revised supervision questionnaire. Rehabilitation Counseling Bulletin, 38, 334-339.

Nelson, M., & Friedlander, M. L. (2001). A close look at conflictual supervisory relationships: The trainees’s perspective.Journal of Counseling Psychology,48, 384-395. 

Newgent, R. A., Davis, H., & Farley, R. C. (2004). Perceptions of individual, triadic, and group models of supervision. The Clinical Supervisor, 23, 65-79. doi: 10.1300/J001v23n02_05

Rarick, S. L., & Ladany, N. (2012). The relationship of supervisor and trainee gender match and gender attitude match to supervisory style and the supervisory working alliance. Counselling and Psychotherapy Research, 13,138-144. doi: 10.1080/14733145.2012.732592